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The Central Dalmatian island of Korcula stretches parallel to the nearby mainland west-east. The length is 46.8 km, with an average width of 5.3 to 7.8 km, with an area of 270 km square and is the sixth largest island in the Adriatic Sea. Peljesac peninsula is separated from Peljesac peninsula, with the smallest distance being 1270 m. The island coast is 182 km long and the coast of the nearby islets is 54 km further. The island is well-indented with a series of gulfs and bays. Its northern shore is relatively low, easily accessible and has several natural harbors of the south and east winds of protected harbors: Korcula, Banja, Racisce, Vrbovica, Babina, Prigradica. The south coast is more indented, but it is steep: there are some rocks high up to 30 m above sea, there are plenty of anchors and bays sheltered from the north wind, but exposed to the south: Zavalatica, Rasohatica, Orlanduša, Pavja Luka, Pupnatska Luka, Prižba, Grščica And others, and Brna is sheltered from the south. The largest, best protected bay is Vela Luka on the far west of the island.
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The island of Korcula was inhabited already in prehistoric times, and traces of ancient life were discovered in many places. The oldest are stone neodate bays on the islet of Badija near the town of Korcula. The richest and best-researched neolithic site of the Vela Cave in Vela Luka is the best. In the 6th century BC, the island was inhabited by Greeks, first in Vela Luka and called the island of Corcyra Melaina (black). Somewhere later at the other end of the island, the area of today's Lumbarda comes from the Greeks from the island of Vis (Isse) by establishing a significant settlement. In the 1st century BC, the island was conquered as the whole of Dalmatia was conquered by the Romans by calling it Illyricum. In the 7th century BC, the Slavs - Croats and soon established their own state, which is first of all a prince, and since 925 the crowning of the first king Tomislav became kingdom.
Within that state was Korcula. In the year 1000 Venetian Ducer Peter II. Orseolo occupies Dalmatian towns and islands, so then Korcula comes under the rule of Venice. When Napoleon collapsed the Venetian Republic of Dalmatia, Austria took over for a short time, but soon came the French, then England, to finally reach Dalmatia under Austrian rule under which it remained until the end of World War I (1918). After the democratic elections in 1990, the people of Croatia voted to leave Yugoslavia and the independent state of Croatia was proclaimed in the referendum. The burrow history of Korcula remains in stone and is visible on every piece of this unique island.
Tourism started its development on Korcula at the end of the 19th century. century. The first public bath was arranged in the town of Korcula in 1904, and the first Korčula tourism brochure was printed in several languages in Vienna in 1914. After II. World War II, the development of modern tourism began in the whole island: hotels, decorated camps and other tourist and hospitality facilities were built. Particularly important is "health tourism" due to mild climate, clean air and sea, and healing sludge on several island locations. The island of Korcula today represents a unique blend of beautiful nature, millennial cultural tradition and history and modern tourism. Countless beautiful beaches and coves, luxurious hotels and holiday homes, centuries-old olive groves and vineyards, ancient villas and ancient archaeological sites that seem to have been lost in some ancient times on this island of tourists from all over the world. We invite you to explore and explore the island of Korcula. We're sure, once you get there, you'll definitely want to come back again.
On this page you can find useful information about the island of Korcula. Korcula is the sixth largest Croatian island, located on the southernmost part of Croatia, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County. You can check the map of the island of Korcula to get an idea of the position of the island. Since Korcula is an island that is not connected by bridge, visitors can only get by ferry or catamaran, and on the following page you can find more information on how to get to the island of Korcula, including the schedule of the ferry and the price of ferries and catamarans. Since arrival on the island depends on shipping lines, it is always wise to check the weather forecast for the island of Korcula, as there is always the possibility of extreme weather conditions that make the island unavailable. Fortunately, these extreme weather conditions appear only 5-10 days a year, most often in the winter season. Once you get to the island, you can continue your rent-a-car, scooter or bicycle, or use the local public bus service. There are also local taxis and taxi cabs for larger groups. If you want to go to the nearby islands, you can use regular ferry and catamaran lines from the island of Korcula, or you can rent a boat.
When you come to the island, we invite you to explore the beaches on the island of Korcula, beautiful nature, local customs, accommodation in Croatia, cultural and historical heritage and rich gastronomy. Korcula is famous for its rich cultural heritage, intact nature and rich offer of Mediterranean food and wine. There are numerous local restaurants and households where you can try traditional dishes and homemade wines. The northern coast of the island of Korcula is easily accessible by road, but the southern coast of the island of Korcula is still unavailable and therefore preserved in its original beauty, mainly due to its configuration, with high cliffs rising from the sea. Because of this, the southern coast of the island of Korcula is a paradise for those who enjoy diving and underwater fishing.
After getting to know the island, villas in Croatia, we recommend exploring the surrounding archipelago, departing from the island of Korcula to the nearby islands. If you have a boat license, there is a possibility to rent small motorboats and shutters for self-introduction of the local archipelago and the island of Korcula. We are sure you will spend a nice time on the island of Korcula, and hopefully you will return to this green paradise, truly the Mediterranean as it used to be. Check out the following articles to learn more about the island of Korcula:
The climate on the island is very mild, Mediterranean. Average temperatures are relatively high: 16.8 ° C is the year, in the coldest month of January 9.1 ° C, and the warmest July 26.9 ° C. Daily and annual temperature differences are small, which is very favorable for agriculture and tourism.
Bura on Korcula
The number of annual sunny hours is high, even 2700. Rains are rare, about 41 days during the year, mostly in the fall and winter, while in the late spring dominates the drought with rare, short-term storms. The snow rarely falls, first in the village of Pupnatu and peaks around But it quickly melts because the temperature rarely drops below 0 ° C.
Peljesac canal at night Peljesac canal at night It is almost always windy in the Peljesac Channel, in summer it blows a largely refreshing Western maestral, suitable for sailing; Southeast southeast - south, north eastern - cool bura or strong north-tremuntana. The sea currents in the Peljesac canal are quite weak, only amplified with the south.
The average sea surface temperature in March is 12.9 ° C, the sea is the warmest summer, July and August and September when the average is 22.3 ° C. Plants and oaks are mild, the difference between low and high water is about 50 cm.